In January, a new legislation will be introduced in Norway that might prevent capital flight and ensure a greater degree of transparency. Three activists from the civil society in South Sudan, Uganda and Ghana explain why this law is vital for their work. See the video interview!
Summary • In 2012, government expenditure worldwide was USD 28 656 billion. Total tax burden was USD 18 821 billion.• This huge discrepancy can be reduced by closing loopholes in tax systems and preventing capital flight• This report is about analyzing and fixing loopholes in tax systems – increasing cost-efficiency and ensuring fairer competition in extractive industries.VIDEO: See the presentation of the report "Windfall Taxes".
Marking-to-market is a concept which has started to invade a significant portion of both accounting and cross-border contracts. As a concept it is good, as it makes accounts more informative, but it also introduces problems.One of the problems is that it accelerates losses when markets collapses, and therefore constitute a risk of being one of the elements that make companies go bankrupt in a crisis.
Prime Minister Erna Solberg. Foto: Heiko Junge/NTB scanpix/SMK (CC BY-NC 2.0/Flicker).
Have we not learned anything from Panama and Paradise Papers? The government proposes to remove the economic support that gives the opportunity for NGOs to work for transparency in capital flows.
Mihran Poghosyan. Fotograph: Compulsory Enforcement Service (Wikimedia / Creative Commons / Mamuli qartughar)
Armenia’s Special Investigative Service (SIS) dropped the offshore business case against former Chief Compulsory Enforcement Service Officer Mihran Poghosyan in January this year.Writen by Kristine Agalaryan* (photograph on the right)
Snorre Valen (SV - socialist left) presented a suggestion to Parliament concerning a measure against a black economy and tax evasion. Poto: Stortinget (CC BY 2.0) Flickr
The litmus test is served. Snorre Valen (SV) asks politicians in Parliament to sign a representative proposal for extended country-by-country reporting. Since the Panama Papers, this is one of the most important measures which is not in place yet. The reason for this is the lack of follow-up by the Ministry of Finance on country-by-country reporting for accounting purposes.
The consequence is that companies are not required to give information from tax havens, because payments to such places will be less than NOK 800,000, writes Mona Thowsen in the opinion piece. Photo: Kathie M Ceballos CC BY-NC-ND 2.0 Flickr
The Ministry of Finance has not followed up on Parliament´s request, so Norwegian companies do not have to submit information from tax havens.
Thick walls at the Ministry of Finance. Foto: Helge Høifødt
Right before Christmas Eve, on December 22, the Ministry of Finance established changes to the amendment concerning country-by-country reporting (CBCR), without Parliament having dealt with the matter.
The Ministry of Finance. Photo: Christian A. Calmeyer (CC BY-NC-ND 2.0)
PWYP Norway explains how the protection of tax havens can be repealed by removing a link between two paragraphs.
Foto: Craig McKune
The South African journalist Craig McKune will share his experience of investigating illegal financial transactions.