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Hvordan innrette en bistand som kan forbedrede skatte- og inntektssystemer i fattige land?
A political system formed to dominate non-government-favored mediaSecrecy around the process to select key people in institutions with influence in the formation and application of media lawsAn aggressive propaganda strategy designed to silence any critical voice
Marking-to-market is a concept which has started to invade a significant portion of both accounting and cross-border contracts. As a concept it is good, as it makes accounts more informative, but it also introduces problems.One of the problems is that it accelerates losses when markets collapses, and therefore constitute a risk of being one of the elements that make companies go bankrupt in a crisis.
• In 2012, government expenditure worldwide was USD 28 656 billion. Total tax burden was USD 18 821 billion.
• This huge discrepancy can be reduced by closing loopholes in tax systems and preventing capital flight
• This report is about analyzing and fixing loopholes in tax systems – increasing cost-efficiency and ensuring fairer competition in extractive industries.
Summary: This briefing from PWYP Norway explains what the extended country-by-country reporting policy proposal is, why it is necessary, how it is streamlined with the reporting requirements in the Dodd-Frank law and the EU proposal, as well as with the extractive companies’ existing consolidation processes, and how it can be implemented easily and at low cost. The briefing features a suggested reporting template in an easy-to-use format that captures the essential tax payment information in a meaningful context.  
The report states that the government’s revenues from the petroleum industry amounted to 263 billion NOK in 2010. The reconciliation of the reported payments showed a total discrepancy of around 1,2 billion NOK between companies and the government.     According to Deloitte, these discrepancies are mainly due to: